(Procurement; 05-03; p.3)
Operations of the Bundeswehr, serving the mentioned
goals - in respect to the goals sometimes defined as Petersberg-tasks,
in respect to the area of operations sometimes defined as "out
of area" - are in accordance with the Basic Law, provided
the German parliament decides about them. That is, what Germany's
Constitutional Court has ruled on 12/07/1994.
Whether such operations are an adequate political means in a given
situation, the parliament has to decide respectively; thus, Germany
has a parliament's army, not a government's or head of state's.
Possibilities already discussed, to deploy armed forces "more
rapidly" or "more flexibly" will have to be scrutinised
exactly under the aspect of preserving the parliament's prerogative.
The question of the armed forces' nature
The forces' nature comprises the question of
conscript or professional army, a mixture of that or of militia.
States have perceived different threats and operational spectra
for their armed forces and have found different solutions to that
question adequate. Great Britain e.g. has preferred a professional
army, but has regulations to draft others if needed (the so called
"territorial army"). France is about to drop its draft
forces in exchange for a professional army.
Germany, on the contrary, wants to stick to
conscripts, as is stated in the 16th paragraph of the DPG: "Conscription
in its adapted form remains an indispensable requirement for the
operational readiness, effectiveness and economic efficiency of
the Bundeswehr." All the same, German armed forces already
yet consist of conscripts, professionals and soldiers serving
for a contracted amount of time. In operations abroad at least
for the time being, only the latter both or, if any, volunteering
conscripts are deployed.
Keeping in mind that a soldier nowadays is less
a slaughterer than a mediator, who if needed backs his efforts
with power, one may see, why the Minister of Defence connects
conscription to operational readiness and effectiveness.
Firstly, it is a strong argument that personnel needed for complex
tasks such as peace-keeping and -enforcing is not easily available:
all professional armies are in competition with civil employers.
On the other hand, one should consider that conscription provides
for "transitional careers", i.e. conscripts become contracted
or professional soldiers; their decision however, will probably
more owe to a lack of civil employment than to a gained conviction.
Much more important for a vocational choice are presumably criteria
like payment and career opportunities - this view is obviously
shared by the current government: the 2003 budget preserves money
for improving payments especially for the lower ranks and enabling
more promotions. (read on here)