(Procurement; 05-03; p.4)
Besides, the special situation of the German
social institutions should not be left unmentioned as draftees
may object to serving in the armed forces for conscientious reasons.
Thus, employers in the social sector can dispose of quite inexpensive
employees, and they welcome them. The Minister of Defence's announcement
alone, to renounce draftees below a certain level of fitness,
provoked critique of some of those employers, since they see the
further delivery of their services in danger. - Facts, actually
irrelevant for defence so could be one of the not named reasons
for sticking to conscription.
Structure and abilities
As mentioned, future operations of the Bundeswehr
will be more in the fields of crisis prevention and crisis intervention.
In line with that is to divide the armed forces in one part for
territorial defence and another for the cited scenarios.
While the first will if at all be operate to help out in case
of domestic catastrophes - and in such cases not as weapons bearing
personnel -, operations of the latter are highly probable. Accordingly,
the Bundeswehr needs re-structuring: on the one hand, we will
have professionally trained and equipped operational forces, and
on the other, present forces which are justified mainly by providing
a "security cushion" for territorial defence (cf. par
16 of the DPG).
In the 15th and the 92nd to 94th paragraph of
the DPG is laid down which capabilities are relevant for the operational
forces, what, in consequence, are primary procurement goals. -
To come to an adequate reasoning about the following, it is useful
to know that the defence budget is limited to about 25 billion
Euro for years, money for procurement thus has to be saved elsewhere;
expenditures for personnel account for roughly one half of the
budget and this limit shall not be exceeded in the years to come,
The most visible item to procure probably is
a European transport plane; it will render the demanded capabilities
of "mobility" (15th par of the DPG) and "strategic
deployment" (92nd par of the DPG).
The contractor - the EADS company which on the German side is
represented by a branch of Daimler-Chrysler, called DASA, of which
in turn a branch called MTU delivers the engines of the plane
- has agreed to build sixty A-400M planes for Germany, adding
up to 8.3 billion Euro. Since the plane is just in its development
phase, the delivery of the first items will not start before 2010
- up to then, one will lease planes of other nations or suppliers.
(read on here)