geändert / updated: 17/04/08


 ... unabhängige Analysen für die globale Polis ...

(Türkiye; 04-02; p.3)

In the aftermath of the 1980 putsch a new constitution has been brought about and eventually approved by referendum - remember the principle of populism - in 1982. Since, the constitution has been changed or amended within the process of accession to the EU, always legitimised by parliamentary approval.


Turkish economy

Economically, Turkey has opened itself to the West since the 1980s. Nevertheless, the structure of trade and trade partners remain highly diverse. More than a half of all activities concerning the domestic market take place within the traditional sector of service (all following figures are based on the CIA's World fact book 2002; http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/tu.html).

Main export goods are clothes (25 %), food products (15 %) and textiles (10 %). Mainly, these goods are sold to Germany (20 %), the USA (10 %), and the UK, France and Italy (5 % respectively).

Imports to Turkey are mainly machinery (30 %), chemicals - one may assume that most of them consist of fertilisers (15 %), semi-finished goods (15 %) and fuels (10 %) - Turkey bought them e.g. from Iraq, thus the UN embargo has an effect on her as well. Suppliers mostly came from Germany (15 %), but also from the USA, the UK, France, Italy and Russia (5 % respectively).

Gross domestic product per capita in purchase power parities, i.e. the sum of individually produced goods and offered services measured by an index of goods, is according to the UN about 7000 US-Dollars for the year 2000. To compare this figure, the ones for Germany and the United Kingdom are given: for Germany it was about 25100 USD in 2000, for the UK about 23500 USD. (Cf. UNDP: Human Development Report 2002, New York et al. 2002, p. 190f. http://www.undp.org/hdr2002/complete.pdf)
As stated, these are statistical figures; in reality, this wealth is unequally distributed. A measure of inequality is the Gini-coefficient: nought this way means equality, 100 means complete inequality. Applying this measure, Turkey "scores" 41,5 (measured in 1994), Germany in the same year 30,0 and the UK 36,8 in 1995. (Cf. ibid., p. 194f.)
(read on here)

 ... independent analysis for the global polis ...

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