(Social justice; 04-02; p.5)
That work is seen as a value in itself, is based
on the roman-catholic definition of human beings: work is seen
as "a sharing in the activity of the Creator" - that
is the title of the 25th section; by working, human beings prove
that they are created to God's image and within the limits of
his own human capabilities help develop creation to perfection.
Christian concepts today?
At the beginning of the 21st century Christian
concepts admittedly do not have much effect: European societies
- and the northern American as well - are almost completely secularised.
However, characteristics of the "inner
mission" may be found at most within the Anglo-Saxon states.
"Welfare" this way is the secular variant of the thinking
that a capitalistic society bears opportunities for every individual
which it has to use in the first place. If an individual cannot
do so, it is not the state that is obliged to provide for remedies
but private organisations so called "friendly societies"
or "charities" such as "Oxfam".
A legally binding obligation of the "Haves" - in Germany
even stipulated as constitutional article - is incompatible with
More in accordance to roman-catholic ideas is
- as mentioned - the concept of social market economy. Even so,
one can - as always, when processes of political decision-finding
are analysed - argue, whether the results stem from a certain
disposition of ideas with the people involved or they just give
an image of the respective power positions.
This way, one could argue that the market economy has merely been
"socially tamed" in Germany, because Christian and non-Christian
workers were historically in a strong power position.
Such reasoning however does not answer the question which preferences
or ideas lead to such a position and whether or not those may
be justified in general ...
(End of article)