(Manipulation; 10-03; p.4)
The expert’s report
The fine art of manipulation is encountered
by the citoyen in form of the expert’s report. Not only by rhetoric,
but also by institutional arrangements independence as well as
relevance should be suggested. Accordingly, political sales-men
like citing reports of scientific institutes.
On the one hand, such thinking probably takes
in that such references make prone to the false reasoning, the
arguments mentioned were logically consequent and of practical
use because they are uttered by a certain institution or person.
On the other hand, usually it will not be said
whether or not the independence of institutes can be seen e.g.
in their funding.
Since there are just a handful of institutes in Germany, it is
relatively easy to figure out, which one "stands close"
to a party.
It is, however, a different matter e.g. for the USA: on first
sight the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) as well as the Institute
for Policy Studies (IPS) are independently funded. A closer look
reveals that the IPS is mainly funded by government’s or other
organisations’ money for specified projects. The AEI, however,
firstly has a much higher budget, secondly lists among its financiers
such illustrious names like Dow and Exxon and thirdly has members
with a clear proximity to the current US-government like R Perle.
Having said this, it is not an automatism that
reports of such institutes are written or used in manipulative
intention. But they are produced in relative closeness to their
matter of analysis – which is not an unconditional mark of high
(end of article)