(Work and family; 01-02; p.3)
The German parties formulate in their electoral programmes different
goals concerning the labour market (cf. for the following: Frankfurter
Rundschau no. 150, D-edition, p. 9. 02. July 2002.).
The scale of unemployment and the simultaneous shortage of manpower
in some professions are considered by all parties as a societal
problem, the latter to be solved by adequate educational training.
Within the field of productivity and growth different concepts
The Social Democrats (SPD) are high-lighting the impact of productivity.
Their recipe to smooth developments is to distribute work among
a more flexible time-scale and among more employees. Therefore
they want to establish a juridical framework regarding as well
the employee's safety from poverty while employed.
The Christian Democrats (CDU) offer a contrasting recipe: they
want to widen existing labour markets or create new ones. Thus,
they are obviously more orientated towards the goal of increasing
growth. Making the juridical framework more flexible and giving
incentives to people subsidised by the state to lead them (back)
onto the labour market are instruments, the CDU proposes to use.
The Greens (GRÜNE) are also orientated towards increasing growth.
Contrary to the CDU they want to use the state as actor on the
labour market by subsidising pay and salaries to widen existing
markets and by itself demanding labour to create markets.
The Liberals (FDP) are campaigning for the accomplishment of market
principles on the labour market. Juridical restrictions shall
be dropped therefore and state actions shall be reduced to co-ordinating
economic policies. Likewise, incentives shall be established for
state subsidised people to (additionally) become employed.
The Democratic Socialists (PDS) want to modify the German basic
law, thus granting a right of work. State actions on the labour
market would thereby turn into a legal obligation to be financed
(read on here)